Craniofacial tumours

Craniofacial tumours

Craniofacial tumours are abnormal growths that develop in the bones, soft tissues, or other structures of the head and face. They may cause various symptoms depending on their size, location, and type.

Our experienced team of surgeons and therapists a work together to treat the condition and support families. Our psychologists can provide support for the mental well-being of young patients during the process to provide the best holistic care. 

The Craniofacial service works closely with patients and their families to provide tailored rehabilitation support addressing developmental and functional challenges. 

We prioritise ongoing monitoring and recovery to detect and manage any potential complications proactively. 

Types of Craniofacial tumors

Dermoid cysts

Dermoid cysts occur when tissue collects under the skin. They usually appear at birth. Craniofacial dermoids typically become apparent during childhood and can manifest in various areas of the face and skull, but the main ones of concern involve the midline of the nose. 

While benign, craniofacial dermoids may cause cosmetic concerns, functional impairments, or, in some cases, pose risks to surrounding structures. 


The diagnosis of craniofacial dermoids involves a thorough evaluation by our skilled team of specialists, including neurosurgeons, plastic surgeons, and radiologists. Imaging helps us assess the size, location, and characteristics of the dermoid to determine the best treatment plan for your child. 


Treatment of craniofacial dermoids typically involves surgical intervention. Our experienced craniofacial surgeons use advanced techniques to carefully remove the dermoid while preserving surrounding tissues. The goal is to achieve complete excision while minimizsng scarring and optimizing cosmetic outcomes. 



Encephaloceles causes brain tissue to grow through an opening in your newborn's skull. Surgery can treat it. These protrusions can occur in various regions of the skull, and the severity of the condition varies. 


Our diagnostic process involves advanced imaging, including MRI and CT scans to precisely assess the size, location, and characteristics of the encephalocele. 


The surgery team works closely together to repair the opening in the skull and reposition the protruding brain tissue. The goal is to achieve a safe closure while minimising any impact on brain function. 

Neurofibromatosis (NF)

Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a group of genetic disorders that cause the formation of tumours in the nervous system, affecting various organs and tissues. 

Neurofibromatosis can present in diverse ways. Some children develop “plexiform neurofibromas” which can affect the development of bones around the eye. This may be associated with a prominent eye (“proptosis”) and sometimes even blindness. 


Diagnosis involves thorough evaluations, including genetic testing to identify the specific type and extent of neurofibromatosis in each child. This helps us deliver personalised treatment plans. 


Treatment for neurofibromatosis involves a combination of medical management, surgical interventions, and ongoing surveillance. Our neurosurgeons, ophthalmologists and craniofacial surgeons collaborate to manage symptoms, address complications, and improve the overall quality of life for affected children. 

Last updated Wednesday 8th May 2024